Ottoman Documents

The collection is represented by documents of the 16th-19th centuries. Their addressees are the aristocracy and troops of regions conquered by Ottomans, and those dependent on the latter – of Childir vilayet (part of historical Samtskhe-Saatabago), as well as the noblemen of Kartli (Eastern Georgia), and the population subjected to the military landowning system.

Of the collection of Ottoman berats the following stand out for high artistic and calligraphic qualities: berats issued by Sultan Murad III (1574-95), Mustafa II (1695-1703), Ahmed III (1705-30), Mehmed IV (1703-30), Mahmud I (1730-54), Mustafa III (1757-74), Selim III (1789-1807), Mahmud II (1809-39), Abdulmecid I (1839-61), Abdulhamid (1876-1909). The place of their compilation is “God-protected Constantinople” and Edirne (former Adrianople). The calligraphy and tuğra of the sultan issuing the document, done in gold, blue and red ink, as well as separate decoration elements done in colour dyes impart a special magnificent appearance to these documents.